affinity


affinity
/afinatiy/ A close agreement; relation; spiritual relation or attraction held to exist between certain persons. State ex inf. Norman v. Ellis, 325 Mo. 154, 28 S.W.2d 363, 367.
Relation which one spouse because of marriage has to blood relatives of the other. State v. Hooper, 140 Kan. 481, 37 P.2d 52.
The connection existing, in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the kindred of the other. Rest v. Lewis, 169 Ohio St. 317, 159 N.E.2d 449,450.
Degrees of relationship by affinity are computed as are degrees of relationship by consanguinity. The doctrine of affinity grew out of the canonical maxim that marriage makes husband and wife one. The husband has the same relation, by affinity, to his wife's blood relatives as she has to them by consanguinity and vice versa. State v. Hooper, 140 Kan. 481, 37 P.2d 52.
Affinity is distinguished into three kinds:
(1) Direct, or that subsisting between the husband and his wife's relations by blood, or between the wife and the husband's relations by blood;
(2) secondary, or that which subsists between the husband and his wife's relations by marriage;
(3) collateral, or that which subsists between the husband and the relations of his wife's relations. In a larger sense, consanguinity or kindred.
Quasi affinity. In the civil law, the affinity which exists between two persons, one of whom has been betrothed to a kinsman of the other, but who have never been married

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • Affinity — Affinity, in etymology affinity is the opposite of infinity . These two words have the same root coming from the Latin: finis = end . “Affinity” meaning is near to the “finis” e.g. close to the “zero point” in a before assumed space. On the other …   Wikipedia

  • affinity — af·fin·i·ty /ə fi nə tē/ n pl ties: relationship by marriage compare consanguinity Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Affinity — Af*fin i*ty, n.; pl. {Affinities}. [OF. afinit[ e], F. affinit[ e], L. affinites, fr. affinis. See {Affined}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife s blood relations, or between a wife and her husband s… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • affinity — When affinity implies a mutual relationship or attraction, it is normally followed by between or with (The affinity between Britain and most of her former colonies • Beckett…stresses that he wrote the little book on order, not out of any deep… …   Modern English usage

  • affinity — [n1] liking or inclination toward something affection, attraction, closeness, compatibility, cotton*, cup of tea*, druthers*, fondness, good vibrations*, leaning, partiality, rapport, same wavelength, simpatico, sympathy, thing*, weakness*;… …   New thesaurus

  • affinity — (n.) c.1300, relation by marriage (as opposed to consanguinity), from O.Fr. afinité (12c.), from L. affinitatem (nom. affinitas) neighborhood, relationship by marriage, noun of state from affinis adjacent, also kin by marriage, lit. bordering on …   Etymology dictionary

  • affinity — 1 *attraction, sympathy Contrasted words: repugnance, repellency or repulsion, abhorrence (see corresponding adjectives at REPUGNANT): *antipathy, aversion 2 resemblance, *likeness, similarity, similitude, analogy Analogous words: agreement …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • affinity — ► NOUN (pl. affinities) 1) a natural liking or sympathy for someone or something. 2) a close relationship based on a common origin or structure. 3) relationship by marriage. 4) the tendency of a substance to combine with another. ORIGIN Latin… …   English terms dictionary

  • affinity — [ə fin′i tē, afin′i tē] n. pl. affinities [ME affinite < OFr afinite < L affinitas < affinis, adjacent, related by marriage < ad , to + finis, a border] 1. relationship by marriage: distinguished from CONSANGUINITY 2. close… …   English World dictionary

  • affinity — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ close, great, real, special, strong ▪ I felt a great affinity with the people of the islands. ▪ natural ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • Affinity —    In fifteenth century England, an affinity was a web of political and social connections constructed by a nobleman, either on the basis of royal favor and personal political standing or on the basis of family and territorial influence. A noble… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses


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